- Pre–eruptive or Initial stage.
- Eruptive stage or rash stage.
- Coryza (with sneezing and nasal discharge).
- Redness of eyes.
- Lacrimation (watering of eyes).
- Photophobia (intolerance of light).
- Koplik’s spots appear on the buccal mucosa opposite the first and second upper molars. They are small, bluish white spots on a red base, smaller than the head of a pin.
Typical dusky red rash which begins behind the ears, and within a few hours spreads over the face and neck, and slowly extends down the body.
Diagnosis of Measles
- Classic measles is diagnosed when a child develops cough, cold and conjunctivitis (red eyes).
- Koplik’s spots and skin rash.
- Leucopoenia (a low white blood cell count) is common.