Poliomyelitis is an infectious viral illness affecting the central nervous system. Poliomyelitis continues to be a health hazard in most underdeveloped countries, although its incidence has been decreasing. The introduction of the vaccine has helped to control the spread of polio. The extensive use of polio vaccines since 1954 has virtually eliminated the disease in developed countries.
India and poliomyelitis eradication
Polio in India has certainly shown a declining trend. It is a significant achievement and makes the goal of polio eradication a reality.
In order to estimate the extent of the problem “Lameness” surveys have been carried out. It takes into account the number of people who have become paralyzed on account of polio. It is a diagnosis which can be quite easily made. In 1995, provisional figures indicate that 3,406 polio cases were reported as opposed to 20,000 cases in 1986.
The polio virus
Polio infection is known only to occur in human beings. Therefore, it is potentially an eradicable disease. Polio viruses can survive for long periods in the external environment.
There are three types of polio viruses or stereotypes 1, 2 and 3. Most outbreaks of paralytic polio are due to the Type 1 virus. Most infections are sub–clinical. It is the mild and sub–clinical infection that plays a dominant role in the spread of infection.
Expert's Advice on Typhoid
Typhoid: Protection and purification of drinking water supplies, improvement of basic sanitation, and promotion of food hygiene are essential measures to interrupt transmission of typhoid fever. read more…