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What is a Premature Baby?
Premature babies are defined as those born between twenty four and thirty seven weeks of gestation. The chances of survival for a baby born before twenty four weeks of pregnancy are rather lean. Premature babies are even more vulnerable than full–term babies and need to be treated with special care. These tiny, delicate creatures are often born with problems, as many of their faculties are not fully developed.

Problems associated with premature babies
The common problems associated with premature babies are These babies are so delicate that doctors must take each step carefully. The smaller and less mature the premature baby is at birth, the greater will be its problems in the long run. These babies can develop cerebral palsy, mental retardation, learning disorders, and vision, speech and hearing problems.

Premature babies require special care
Premature babies are put straight into intensive care till the doctors are of the opinion that they are out of danger. They are usually kept in incubators. They require round–the–clock nursing. They are fed intravenously and sometimes put on the respirator to help them breathe if necessary. Their vital signs like blood pressure, heart rate, breathing and pulse are closely monitored. Even after they have been discharged from the hospital, these babies will require periodic evaluations from pediatricians, neonatologists, ophthalmologists and psychologists so as to avoid any further complications.