What are the different types of headaches?Tension – Tension headaches, which account for about 90 per cent of headache complaints, are caused by stress, poor posture, fatigue, depression, and anxiety. When a tension headache strikes, muscle spasms in the head and neck cause a diffused ache that can be felt in the temples, the neck, and sometimes down the back. The pain might be localized or more generalized, causing an aching sensation over the entire head.
Sinus – Pain centered around and behind the eyes signals a sinus headache caused by congestion in the sinus cavities due to colds, allergies and infections. Sinus headaches are aggravated by changes in altitude (bending over or flying).
What to do to relieve a headache?For minor headaches
A variety of over–the–counter medications are available – such as Disprin, ibuprofen, and acetaminophen which are useful in treating the pain of tension headaches. In addition, decongestants and antihistamines can relieve the nasal cavity pressure associated with sinus headaches.
B. For severe headaches
Prescription medications are often required to treat the pain of intense migraines or other disabling headaches. Consult your physician for guidance if your headache is severe.
Drugs Commonly Prescribed For Severe HeadachesAnti–inflammatories, caffeine – Act to decrease swelling of blood vessels. Pain relievers – Prescription–strength medications may be used to relieve severe pain. Anti–depressants – These drugs are used for symptom relief. Beta blockers, vasoconstrictors, and calcium channel blockers – are used to reduce the frequency of headaches.
How to avoid a headache?You can try to avoid headaches or ease their discomfort by using these additional remedies:
- Exercise at least three times each week.
- Take a warm bath.
- Get some fresh air.
- Take a nap.
- Apply hot or cold compresses to your head and neck.
- Read or listen to quiet music to unwind M.
- Avoid factors that cause or aggravate your headaches.
- Avoid alcohol.
- Eat balanced meals and don’t skip meals.