Pediatrics is the branch of medicine dealing with the care of infants and children, from birth to 21 years of age. It is a collaborative specialty meaning that it takes many other specialists working together to provide for the total physical, emotional and social well being of a child. Many pediatricians complete several years of extra training (a fellowship) to become one of these “Sub” specialists.
Pediatricians are physicians who treat children from birth through adolescence. They are responsible for the preventative maintenance of a child’s health through regular check ups and inoculations against childhood illnesses, such as measles mumps, rubella, pertussis (whooping cough), polio and other illnesses. Usually serving as a child’s primary care physician, pediatricians diagnose and treat infections, injuries, genetic defects, malignancies (cancers) and other types of organic disease and dysfunction. They are also involved in the child’s total well being and are often instrumental in the prevention, detection and management of behavioral and developmental problems. Pediatrics is different from adult medicine in many respects.