The alterations in medical technology and improved health care have increased the demands on physiotherapy profession and in the others decreased them. More physically and mentally handicapped children survive and people have a longer life expectancy. These together with developments in cardiac surgery, neuro surgery and other surgical procedures all place further demands on physiotherapy services.
Role of Physiotherapy
- Helps to monitor patients who have been discharged from hospital to ensure that they are maintaining the level of physical activity reached on leaving hospital.
- To ensure full independence.
- To assess and evaluate the patient and then altering the physiotherapy treatment as the result of evaluation.
- Evaluation by the patient as a result of his disease/injury.
- The physiotherapist must understand the social, cultural and environmental factors as these may affect the requirements of each patient with regard to home, work and leisure.
- To gain co–operation of the patient.
Some of the areas where physiotherapy is a vital form to rehabilitate patients are: in the ICU, Post–Surgery, Amputation cases, Before and After Childbirth (obstetrics), Burns, Chest problems and physiotherapy in children. In patients who are bed redden due to either head injury or hemitropic should be given proper chest psycho to prevent pulmonary complication. Proper limb physiotherapy should be given to prevent vascular problems like Deep Vein Thrombosis or joint stiffness which commonly occurs due to immobility. Physiotherapist also helps the patient to return to the society with the help of an occupational therapist and social worker.