Postural drainage (bronchial drainage) is a means of mobilizing secretions in one or more lung segments to the central airways by placing the patient in various positions so that gravity assists in the drainage process. When secretions are moved to the larger airways, they are then cleared by coughing or Endotracheal suctioning. Postural drainage therapy also includes the use of manual techniques, such as percussion and vibration, as well as voluntary coughing.
1. Positions are based on the anatomy of the lungs and the tracheobronchial tree.
2. The patient may be positioned on a.
- Postural drainage table that can be elevated at one end.
- Tilt table.
- Reinforced padded table with a lift.
- Hospital bed.
- A small child can be positioned on the therapist’s lap.
1. Prevent accumulation of secretions in patients at risk for pulmonary complications. This may include:
- Patients with pulmonary diseases that are associated with increased production or viscosity of mucus, such as chronic bronchitis and cystic fibrosis.
- Patients who are on prolonged bed rest.
- Post surgical patients who have received general anesthesia and who may have painful incisions that restrict deep breathing and coughing postoperatively.
- Any patient who is on a ventilator if they are stable enough to tolerate the treatment.
- Patients with acute or chronic lung disease, such as pneumonia, Atelectasis, acute lung infections, and COPD.
- Patients who are generally very weak or are elderly.
- Patients with artificial airways.