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Malaria is an infectious disease caused by the parasite called Plasmodia. It is transmitted by Female Anopheles Mosquito. An. culicifecies in Rural area & An. stephensi in urban area.

Vector Bionomics
Vectors of Malaria It is a small to medium sized mosquito with Culex like sitting posture
1. Feeding habits 2. Resting habits 3. Breeding places 4. Biting time
Life Cycle of Malaria Parasite Life Cycle of Malaria Parasite
Most of the vectors, including Anopheles culicifacies, start biting soon after dusk. Therefore, biting starts much earlier in winter than in summer but the peak time varies from species to species.

Life Cycle of Malaria Parasite
  1. Sporozoites in salivary gland.
  2. Oöcysts in stomach wall.
  3. Male and female gametocytes.
  4. Liver phase.
  5. Release of merozoites from liver.
  6. These enter red cells where both sexual and asexual cycles continue.