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Breast Feeding
When you breastfeed, your body releases a hormone called prolactin. If the level of prolactin is high enough, your body will not release an egg. You release enough prolactin to protect against pregnancy as long as your baby is under six months, your period has not returned, and breastfeeding is the baby’s primary feeding (you feed your baby breast milk day and night and about 9 out of 10 feedings are breast milk).

But if the level of prolactin decreases, your body will release an egg. If you start giving your baby formula or foods other than breast milk, your level of prolactin will decrease. Also, after your baby is 6 months old, the contraceptive effect of breastfeeding decreases. When your period returns, it is a signal that you are or are about to be fertile, and can become pregnant.

Contraceptive Pills
Contratab Contratab The pill has many benefits in addition to prevent pregnancy. Contraceptive Pills For example, it protects against some cancers. There are also some side effects, most of which are experienced in the first few months and disappear as your body becomes used to the pills. On a long–term basis, the pill is considered to be very safe for most women. Serious side effects are rare. However, for women with problems such as high blood pressure, obesity and diabetes, there may be some risk associated with oral contraceptives. Finally, all women, but particularly older women, should take the oral contraceptive which contains the least amount of estrogen and progestin compatible with their needs, because lower doses have fewer side effects.

Advantages of Contraceptives Pills
Pills decrease a woman’s risk for cancer of the ovary and cancer of the lining of the uterus (endometrial cancer). Pills also lower the risk of developing benign breast masses (breast masses which are NOT malignant) and ovarian cysts. They decrease menstrual cramping and pain. Combined pills reduce menstrual blood loss and the risk for anemia.
Acne often improves in women taking combined birth control pills. Many women enjoy sex more when taking birth control pills because they know they are less likely to get pregnant.
Some clinicians will allow 3 to 6 months of pills without a pelvic examination.

Disadvantages of Contraceptives Pills Contraceptive Foam
What Foam is?
Contraceptive Foam is a vaginal spermicide, which is placed into the woman’s vagina using an applicator. It has two contraceptive effects. it kills or destroys sperm (which is why it is called “Spermicidal”) and it prevents sperm from reaching the egg by blocking the opening to the cervical canal.

Effectiveness
Among typical couples who initiate use of vaginal spermicidal, about 25% will experience an accidental pregnancy in the first year. If vaginal spermicidals are used consistently and correctly, about 6% of couples will become pregnant.

Advantages Disadvantages
Usage
Copper T
Copper T is a small device that is placed in the uterus. The uterus is where the baby develops if you become pregnant. There is some copper in the arms of the copper IUD. The copper IUD slowly allows copper into the uterus, which helps prevent pregnancy. It does this in two ways. First, it stops the sperm from making their way up through the uterus into the tubes. Second, if sperms do reach the egg, it makes it harder for the sperm to fertilize the egg. However, if an egg does become fertilized, copper would also stop the fertilized egg from successfully implanting in the lining of the uterus. Copper IUDs (intra uterine devices) provide protection for eight to ten years, or until they are removed.

Advantages of the Copper T Disadvantages of Copper T Diaphragm
Diaphragm is a rubber cup, which is placed into the woman’s vagina. It blocks the opening to the uterus so that the man‘s semen cannot enter the uterus and reach the egg. Some sperm may get around the diaphragm, so it should always be used with a spermicide that is placed on the diaphragm to kill sperm.

Advantages of using a diaphragm
The diaphragm is fairly effective and gives the woman control. When used correctly, only 6 couples in 100 become pregnant the first year using a diaphragm.
The diaphragm can be put in several hours before initiation of sexual activity.
Your partner can put it in as part of love–making.
The diaphragm is safe and contains no hormones. Thus, there are no hormonal side effects. The penis can remain inside the vagina after ejaculation. Intercourse during a woman's period is less messy with a diaphragm because the diaphragm holds back menstrual blood.

Disadvantages of Diaphragm Tubular Sterilization
Tubular Sterilization is a surgical procedure which blocks the fallopian tubes. Eggs are released in the ovaries, then travel through the fallopian tubes to the uterus. After this operation your eggs will have no way to get to your uterus. And the man’s sperm will have no way to get to your egg. This prevents pregnancy.

Advantages of Tubule Sterilization Disadvantages of Tubule Sterilization