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Minimally Invasive Surgery Techniques
Recently radiologists, cardiologists and vascular surgeons have been using X–ray angiography procedure to guide minimally invasive surgery of the blood vessels and arteries of the heart. In the last several years, diagnostic vascular images are often made using MR, CT and/or ultrasound while X–ray angiography is reserved for therapy. Direct Arteriography involves direct injection of contrast material into the artery which is to be examined either through a needle puncture or an arterial catheterization – a tube or catheter is introduced into the artery under X–ray guidance, contrast is injected and various radiographies in different projections are obtained.

Common Indications for Arteriography
1. Vascular Lesion.
Angiography Angiography
2. Tumors/mass lesions