02 July 2010
By Umesh Isalkar
The intermittent rain, fluctuating temperature and dampness have increased the footfalls at doctors’ clinics and hospitals in the city. Patients are mainly complaining about respiratory infection, viral fever and aching joints.
Others with monsoon–related ailments, either waterborne or food–borne like gastroenteritis and jaundice, or the mosquito–transmitted malaria and dengue have begun trickling into hospitals.
"Seven people suffering fromndwes have been admitted to D Y Patil Medical College and Hospital in Pimpri in the last few days. We see three to four patients with viral hepatitis at our out–patient department (OPD) every day," said paediatrician Sharad Agarkhedkar, president of the city chapter of Indian Medical Association, who is with the hospital.
General practitioner Avinash Bhondwe said, "Respiratory infection constitutes 50 per cent of the total patients visiting my clinic these days. Damp and cloudy weather is causing bronchial asthma and aggravating joint pains. Viral diarrhoea and amoebic dysentery cases are rising."
"There are patients with running noses, chest congestion and bodyache because of the erratic temperature. The occasional showers coupled with damp and cloudy weather worsens matters," said Arun Jamkar, dean of Sassoon General Hospital. Patients with gastro–enteritis, and many of them severely dehydrated, are coming to hospitals, added Jamkar.
"The weather is warm and damp. The erratic rise and fall in temperature is leading to skin–related problems, fungal infection in ears and the groin and formation of pus in the ears. These are common infections, but not communicable," said ENT surgeon Sameer Joshi of Sassoon Hospital.
Prevention, doctors said, is the only stay–well mantra. "Don’t eat out and drink boiled water," is R R Pardeshi, PMC’s deputy health officer’s advice . Avoid water–borne diseases by staying away from road–side food. " Juices and eatables made or stored in the open can be contaminated. Drink clean distilled or treated water," said Jamkar.
Also avoid cut fruits and foodstuff from hawkers. Gastro–enteritis may actually be a lesser worry. Contaminated food and water can lead to other more serious ailments like jaundice, said Agarkhedkar.
And keep a watch for fever. "Don’t pop a pill and go to work. Avoid self–medication and seek medical help at the earliest if you have fever, bodyache or a running nose,’’ said general practitioner Radheshyam Jadhav.
- Once inside, the disease–causing particles begin to attach themselves to healthy membranes
- Some viruses inject genetic material into the cell, others dissolve in the cell and are absorbed
- After entering the body, they take over the host cell and start replicating
- Less destructive viruses go back to the membrane and start affecting other cells
- Other viruses explode the host cell. In both the processes, the target is to affect as many cells as possible
Dos And Don’ts
- Drink boiled water
- Keep away from people suffering from cold and fever
- Wash hands at regular intervals
- Keep the surrounding dry and clean
- Do not allow water to accumulate
- Keep your body warm as viruses attack when body temperature goes down
- Do not enter air–conditioned room with wet hair and damp clothes
- Wash vegetables with clean water and steam them well to kill germs
- Avoid eating uncooked foods and salads
- Drink plenty of water and keep your body well hydrated
- Do not allow kids to play in stagnant puddles