05 October 2010
By Jayashree Nandi
10–Yr–Olds Too Hit; Blame Obesity, Diet, Lifestyle
All of 10 years and diagnosed with diabetes? In a worrying trend, Bangalore doctors are seeing more and more youngsters with Type 2 diabetes.
Founder–director Dr K R Narasimha Shetty told The Times of India: "Type 2 diabetes in such young patients was unthinkable. When such cases come to us, we take a lot of time to assess whether it is Type 1 or Type 2. The trend is alarming and the reasons are the kind of diet, obesity, lack of exercise and other lifestyle issues. I put them on medication and also suggest rigorous lifestyle modification."
Other doctors, too, are seeing a rise in the number of young patients. At Manipal Hospital, endocrinologist Dr Mohan Badgandi sees at least one or two in the 20–30 age group every day. "We see 30–40 such cases every month. This age group is usually more motivated and ready to follow the doctor’s advice. I don’t suggest insulin pumps for this group unless some of them have very high sugar levels and consistent problems. I put them directly on the lifestyle modification programme."
What Is Type 2?
On the other hand, Type 1 diabetes is a form of diabetes mellitus that results from autoimmune destruction of insulinproducing beta cells of the pancreas. Healthy diet, exercise keep diabetes at bay Most Youngsters In Their Twenties With Sedentary Jobs Never Make Time For Workout: Docs
Bangalore: In today’s fast–paced life, the young manage to get everything early — information, money and even diseases. Type 2 diabetes is becoming increasingly common in the preteen and teen years, with hospitals reporting a sharp rise in such cases.
At Fortis Hospital, there are at least three to four OPD patients with Type 2 diabetes every day.
The trend started three to four years ago, and is on a steep rise. "The reason is sedentary lifestyle. None of these people follow diet or exercise regularly. They don’t understand what lifestyle modification is. They are in their twenties, have plum desk jobs but never make time to exercise.
The use of the insulin pump has made the life of both patient and doctor easier. Only the cost has pushed it out of reach of poorer patients. An insulin pump is a continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion therapy that controls the amount of insulin required and how the sugar level changes.
"It is definitely more helpful for both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes because it provides stringent control. A lot of people with high Type 2 diabetes have been put on pumps by us recently," added Dr K R Narasimha Shetty of Karnataka Institute of Diabetology.
"An insulin pump is an excellent alternative to multiple daily insulin injections with a syringe or pen, and allows for intensive therapy when used in conjunction with blood glucose monitoring and carbohydrate counting. Many patients have benefited from this," said endocrinologist Dr S S Srikant of Samatvam Endocrinology Diabetes Centre, Bangalore.
Prevalence In India
Over 30 million Indians have been diagnosed with diabetes so far. The CPR (Crude Prevalence Rate) in urban India is said to be 9% while prevalence in rural areas is 3%