- Apply home care at the first sign of irritation or painful urination.
- A day or so of home treatment may eliminate minor symptoms. However, if your symptoms last longer than a day or worsen despite home care, call your doctor. Since the organs of the urinary tract are connected, untreated bladder infections can spread and can lead to kidney infections and other serious problems.
- Drink as much water as you can (think in terms of gallons) as soon as you notice the symptoms for the next 24 hours. This will help flush bacteria out of the bladder.
- Avoid alcohol and caffeine.
- A hot bath may help relieve pain and itching. Avoid using bubble bath.
- Check your temperature and examine the genital area twice daily. Fever may indicate that a more serious infection is present.
- Avoid intercourse until symptoms improve.
- If vaginal burning and redness occur in a young girl, consider the possibility of an allergy to bubble bath or soap.
When to call a health professional
If painful urination occurs with any of the following symptoms:
- Fever over 101Â° and chills.
- Inability to urinate when you feel the urge.
- Low back pain just below the rib cage.
- Blood or pus in the urine.
- Unusual vaginal discharge.
- Nausea or vomiting.
- If symptoms do not improve after 24 hours of home treatment.
- If you are pregnant or have diabetes, and have symptoms of a urinary tract infection.
- If you suspect a child has a urinary tract infection.