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This treatment is helpful in reducing high temperature during fever. When a person is exposed to excess heat or sun he should be given this bath 2 or 3 times to reduce the excess heat absorbed down the blood pressure in hypertensives. As this bath is a powerful stimulant of the skin, it could be prescribed for all types of skin diseases like Psoriasis where there is no inflammation of the skin. Since its effect is tonic in nature it is useful in treating nervous and muscular disorders, including paralysis, muscular degeneration etc.
This is contra–indicated for very weak patient, cardiac patients and patients suffering from kidney disorders.
Neutral Immersion Bath
10 to 15 minutes. This bath can be given for a longer duration, as the water temperature is close to the body temperature. When this bath is applied for relieving insomnia, the duration should be 15 minutes to 1hour. For fever, this should be administered at 26–28°C.
The patient should drink one or two glasses of water before the treatment and lie in the tub after applying a cold compress to the head. After the bath, he should dry himself quickly.
Neutral Immersion Bath
It is the best sedative among all treatments. Since the neutral bath excites activity of both the skin and kidneys, it is recommended for diseases relating to these organs. In addition, it is helpful in cases of organic diseases of the brain and spinal cord, including paraplegia, locomotor ataxia, chronic inflammation of the brain and the spinal cord (such as meningitis), and in rheumatism, arthritis and other chronic conditions.When the neutral bath is continued at 30–32°C. for 30 to 60 minutes or even longer, it renders great service in general dropsy, caused due to cardiac or renal disease where more vigorous treatments are contra–indicated. Neutral bath is also helpful for multiple neuritis, alcoholism and other narcotic habits, neurasthenia, chronic diarrhea, peritonitis and chronic afflictions of the abdomen, where either hot or cold water is contra–indicated. In such cases, the bath may be given daily for 15 to 30 minutes. This bath is also useful in pruritus without eruption, with or without jaundice. It is useful in toxic conditions caused due to dyspepsia.
The neutral bath should not be prescribed in conditions of eczema and other skin diseases where water aggravates the symptoms. It is also contra–indicated in extreme cardiac weakness and certain cases of Neurasthenia.