Nutrition for Diabetics
Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder which does not allow the body to use glucose completely or partially. High glucose levels in the blood (which is also known as blood sugar) and an alteration in carbohydrates, protein and fat metabolism are typical of this condition.
Causes of diabetes
The causes of diabetes are still not known completely. However, it is known that factors such as genetics, obesity, infection or acute stress, either physical or emotional play an important role in it development. It may also occor as a secondary disease to some of the diseases like pancreatitis, hemochromatosis, carcinoma of pancreas or pancreatectomy. Diabetes may also develop as a side–effect of the treatment of some other conditions due to the intake of Corticosteroids or diuretics like thiozide group.
Type of diabetes:
Insulin Dependent ( IDDM ) or Juvenile onset diabetes
IDDM patients depends on external Insulin. This type of diabetes happens suddenly and usually during childhood (around 10 to 12 years). It is caused by a virus or due to an auto–immunity. The children are usually under–weight when suffering from this condition.
Non Insulin Dependent ( NIDDM ) or Adult Onset Diabetes, AOD
This condition develops slowly. usually milder in nature and more stable. The pancreatic secretions of insulin may be inadequate or the action of insulin is faulty. The pancreas produce insulin in such cases to over come the problem. This type of diabetes can be controlled by diet and exercise. Diabetes if not controlled can lead to complications like vascular diseases like retinopathy, nephropathy as well as cardiac diseases including heart attack. Neuropathy joint and skeletal muscle problems can also occur in uncontrolled diabetes.