Functions of Vitamins
In the digestive process, vitamins interact with other nutrients to enhance absorption. They can work as co–enzymes to speed up body chemical reactions. Vitamins help release energy from biological reaction during metabolism. They themselves do not provide energy.
Classification of Vitamins
Water soluble Vitamins
Water soluble vitamins cannot be stored in the body, the excess gets excreted in urine. Daily supply of these vitamins is therefore, important to avoid ill effects of inadequacy. Carefully selected foods in daily diet can supply adequate amount of vitamins. Supplements in synthetic forms are not advisable in normal conditions, as they do not provide any additional benefits.
|Vitamin||Sources||Effects of Inadequacy|
|C–Ascorbic Acid||Amla, Guava,
Citrus Fruits Orange, Sweet lime
Lemon, StrawberriesDrumstick, Papaya, Watermelon, Tomato,
|Acute–Scurvy. Delayed wound healing, Low resistance to infection,Iron deficiency, Anemia,Fragile capillaries, Decayed teeth.|
|B1–Thiamin||Nuts & Oil seeds, Sesame, peanuts, Whole grain cereals, Wheat Germ, Soyabean||Acute–Beriberi, Leg Cramp, Mental Depression, Edema, Loss of appetite, Weight Loss|
|B2–Riboflavin||Milk & Milk Products, Wheat germs Yeast,Green leafy vegetables||Lesions around mouth and nose.Glossitis, Hair loss Scaly skin,Light sensitivity|
|B3–Niacin||Yeast, Peanuts & Peanut ButterSesame seeds, Soybean Whole grain cereals, Nuts, Meat, Fish, Poultry, organ meat||Acute–Pellagra, Anorexia, Sore mouth, Weakness, Irritability Mental depression, Damage to central nervous system, skin|