IDD is a sort of hidden problem, affecting almost all the members of society. IDD affects the economy of the state. Hence, the community participation is more important. The use of iodized salt by every person, will solve the problem to a large extent. The price difference between Crystal Salt and iodized salt will be less if large section of society uses iodized salt.
Every person takes about 10 gm Salt per day, so a family of 5 persons will need about 1.5 kg of salt per month. The expenses of Rs. 5 per month is too small and any family can bear it.
Quality of salt is also important 15 ppm is desired content. Members of society can have salt tested in district Public Health Laboratories free of charge.
Salt is a food item, if iodine is below 15 ppm, FDA can be contacted and the shopkeeper can be prosecuted for adulteration. The member of society can impress upon their representative for better policy like PDS & iodized salt.
Role of Other Sectors
IDD is a multi-sector involving problem. Food & Civil Supplies Department in 6 states in the country have taken up iodized salt in PDS. This can be followed by our state.
IDD affects the women & Children by lowering IQ, retardation of physical and mental growth, increased abortions, increase in congenital, abnormalities, the department may lead for PDS in iodized salt and health education by anganwadi workers & other means.
The prevalence of goitre is more in tribal regions. Therefor it is essential that at least in IDD prone areas iodised salt should be distributed by PDS.
The role of Food & Drugs Administration for preventing adulteration of salt is very important and the prosecutions may be launched against tthe culprits responsible for sub-standard quality of iodized salt.
Planning department can take initiative for the iodized salt in PDS as per GOI policy.
Department of Education can take active part by health education for the school children.
The rural development department and Social Welfare department can direct for only iodized salt in their hostels etc.
The deficiency of iodine results in loss of 10-15 points of Intelligence Quotient (IQ) in a school children. This is seen in the studies done in 22 countries.
so, also activity of all the members of society is affected. This all causes adversity foe economy. IDD also include decrease of birth weight, increase of infant mortality rate etc. Preventation of mental retardation, will help to reduce burden on society.
So, for smart, bright, healthy feature generation iodized salt consumption is so much required.