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What is the treatment for a kidney rejection?
The nephrologist usually undertakes a kidney transplant biopsy to confirm and categorize rejection and treated accordingly. The most common medicine that is used are steroids. If these steroids are not effective more potent agents such as OKT3 Ormonoclonal antibodies are used to treat these rejection.
What are the medicines usually taken by transplant patients after their transplant?
Usually after a transplant the patients are placed on medicines to prevent the kidney from being rejected. A three drug regimen is used. Cyclosporine, Prednisone (a steroid), Mycophenolate mofetil or Azathioprine.
What are the infections that can take place in the Renal transplant patients?
The transplant patients has the ability to fight infections is low. Actually 75% of the renal transplant patients will suffer at least one episode of infection in the 1st year after transplant. The infection seen in the transplant patient are different than those seen in the general community. The initial infections are in the first one month after transplantations are usually bacterial. After the first month however viral infections such as cytomegalo virus, fungal infections, tuberculoses and parasitic infections are common.
What is the survival rate of a kidney after transplant?
The first year survival for a living related kidney donation is about 85–90% for cadaveric is about 80%.
What are the side effects of the drugs used in kidney transplant?
- Steroids: For a long period of time can result in high blood pressure, weight gain, abnormalities in the glucose levels Cushing’s syndrome, cataracts, osteoprosis and fractures.
- Cyclosporin can also have an adverse affect like aggravating the hypertension because excessive hair growth and excessive gingival growth. It can also be toxic to the kidney especially if the levels are not monitored.
- Cell cept has effects on suppressing the bone marrow and the patients can have anemia, a low white cells count or and low platelet count. Cell cept can also cause diarrhea.